Landmark book published on New Testament commentaries


CCBT-frontcover349x499A new book devoted to early New Testament commentaries and their significance for the biblical text has been produced by members of the COMPAUL project at ITSEE and an international team of scholars.

Since 2011, the European Research Council-funded COMPAUL project at ITSEE, led by Dr Hugh Houghton, has been examining commentaries on the Pauline Epistles as sources for the early history of the biblical text. One of the major outputs from the project is a new volume of original research shedding new light on the composition, transmission and significance of these writings.

Even though one in ten surviving manuscripts of the Greek New Testament are commentaries in the format known as ‘catenae’, these have long suffered from neglect by scholars of the biblical text, due in part to the volume and complexity of the textual tradition as well as the presentation of the manuscripts themselves. This new book brings together many of the findings of the COMPAUL project, along with contributions from a distinguished group of European researchers also at work in this field.

The collection includes the first general introduction to Greek New Testament catenae and commentaries, as well as cutting-edge work on individual authors and linguistic traditions. Particular attention is paid to the layout of commentary manuscripts and the sources used by commentators, including the re-use of earlier works by later writers. In addition to the principal Greek and Latin commentators, such as Origen, John Chrysostom, Theodoret, Ambrose and Rufinus, there are also chapters on the Gothic commentary on the Gospel according to John, the re-use of Augustine’s commentaries by Florus of Lyons in the ninth century, and the first attempt to produce a systematic catalogue of Bohairic Coptic and Ethiopic catena manuscripts.

One of the highlights of the volume is its groundbreaking list of Greek New Testament catena manuscripts. In addition to the 526 catenae currently contained in the official Liste of manuscripts of the Greek New Testament, Professor David Parker has identified an additional 100 manuscripts not included in this index. In total, the fourteen chapters of this book refer to more than 800 manuscripts, extending from the great research libraries of northern Europe to private collections in Ethiopia. This extensive engagement with the surviving evidence lays the foundations for further scholarship.

Many of the chapters in the book were initially presented at the Ninth Birmingham Colloquium on the Textual Criticism of the New Testament in March 2015. Delegates from no fewer than twelve countries gathered in Birmingham to hear papers by project members, invited experts from across the world, and other scholars engaged in research across a broad spectrum of languages and centuries.

The book is published by Gorgias Press in the Texts and Studies series. The hardback edition is available for $95. In addition, through the generosity of the European Research Council, the full text of the volume is available free of charge in the Gorgias Press online repository.

Dr Houghton, who edited the volume, said:

“I am delighted that the COMPAUL project has borne fruit in this varied and stimulating collection of papers. My hope is that this book will inspire further work on commentaries and enable a better understanding of their complex traditions. I’m also particularly pleased that it has been possible to make the electronic version available as open access, so that anyone who is interested can download it for free.”

The list of chapters is as follows:

1. An Introduction to Greek New Testament Commentaries with a Preliminary Checklist of New Testament Catena Manuscripts (H.A.G. Houghton & D.C. Parker)
2. The Context of Commentary: Non-Biblical Commentary in the Early Christian Period (R.F. MacLachlan)
3. Biblical Catenae: Between Philology and History (Gilles Dorival)
4. Catenae and the Art of Memory (William Lamb)
5. Parsing Paul: Layout and Sampling Divisions in Pauline Commentaries (Bruce Morrill & John Gram)
6. Resurrection Appearences in the Pauline Catenae (Theodora Panella)
7. The Reception of Scripture and Exegetical Resources in the Scholia in Apocalypsin (GA 2351) (Garrick V. Allen)
8. Theodoret’s Text of Romans (Agnes Lorrain)
9. Bethania, Bethara, or Bethabara: Fortunatianus of Aquileia and Origen’s Commentary on John, with particular reference to John 1:28 (Lukas J. Dorfbauer)
10. Ambrose the Appropriator: Borrowed Texts in a New Context in the Commentary on Luke (Susan B. Griffith)
11. Rufinus’ Translation of Origen’s Commentary on Romans: Christina M. Kreinecker)
12. The Transmission of Florus of Lyon’s Expositio epistolarum beati Pauli apostoli. State of the Art and New Results (Shari Boodts & Gert Partoens)
13. Biblical Quotations in the Gothic Commentary on the Gospel of John (Skeireins) (Carla Falluomini)
14. An Overview of Research on Bohairic Catena Manuscripts on the Gospels with a Grouping of Arabic and Ethiopic (Ge’ez) Sources and a Checklist of Manuscripts (Matthias Schulz)

Amsterdam Summer School on Syriac Christianity

The Course Programmes of the Amsterdam Summer School on Syriac Christianity are now available online. They can be found at:

The Bible in the Syriac Tradition (18-22 July 2016):

Syriac Christianity in Context 25-29 July 2016):

As can be seen in the programme, lecturers include His Eminence Mor Polycarpus Augin Aydin (Metropolitan and Patriarchal Vicar for the Archdiocese of the Netherlands of the Syriac Orthodox Church), Alessandro Mengozzi (Università degli Studi di Torino), Heleen Murre-van den Berg (Institute of Eastern Christian Studies, Nijmegen), as well as experts from Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam: Bas ter Haar Romeny, Jan van Ginkel, Dirk Bakker, Maya Goldberg, Eveline van Staalduine-Sulman, Faustina Doufikar-Aerts and Peter-Ben Smit.

We are honoured by their willingness to contribute to our course and look forward to a fascinating, instructive and inspiring programme. Registration is still possible!

Contact: Wido van Peursen

Iscal 3: Third International Summer School on Christian Apocryphal Literature (5th-8th July 2016, Strasbourg)

RTEmagicC_Capt_iscal3_01.JPGThe Apocrypha in the Age of Cathedrals
The Role and Function of Apocryphal Narratives of the Early Life of Mary in Medieval Art and Literature

The Protevangelium of James (2nd Century), the Gospel of Pseudo-Matthew (6th Century) and the Nativity of Mary (9th Century) form the so-called “Nativity of Mary” narratives. They relate the birth and early life of Mary, her marriage with Joseph, her pregnancy and the virginal birth
of Jesus with the visit of the midwives. Later incorporated into the Golden Legend and preaching manuals, these narratives exerted considerable influence upon medieval art and literature, especially nourishing Marian cult.

The Iscal 2016 provides a precious opportunity to enhance your knowledge on the transmission paths and mechanisms behind the reception of one of the most widespread apocryphal motifs in medieval art and literature. Medieval historians and specialists in medieval art history will conduct the different sessions, allowing students to appreciate the complexity and the richness of the reception of apocryphal narratives in the Middle Ages.

More information in the leaflet.

Now available: H. Houghton, The Latin New Testament, A Guide to its Early History, Texts, and Manuscripts

The Latin New Testament

A Guide to its Early History, Texts, and Manuscripts

H. A. G. Houghton


  • The first English-language book dealing with the whole of the Latin New Testament
  • Offers a comprehensive introduction to the history and text of this fundamental work of Western culture
  • Provides a new account of the history of the biblical text for more than a millennium and a user’s guide to the principal editions and resources for further study
  • Includes illustrations of key manuscripts as well as links to online resources
  • This is an indispensable guide for scholars and students of the text of the New Testament, and provides an orientation for historians, theologians, medievalists, linguists, and all those interested in the manuscript heritage of Christianity in Europe.

Order the book at the Oxford University Press

Latin is the language in which the New Testament was copied, read, and studied for over a millennium. The remains of the initial ‘Old Latin’ version preserve important testimony for early forms of text and the way in which the Bible was understood by the first translators. Successive revisions resulted in a standard version subsequently known as the Vulgate which, along with the creation of influential commentaries by scholars such as Jerome and Augustine, shaped theology and exegesis for many centuries. Latin gospel books and other New Testament manuscripts illustrate the continuous tradition of Christian book culture, from the late antique codices of Roman North Africa and Italy to the glorious creations of Northumbrian scriptoria, the pandects of the Carolingian era, eleventh-century Giant Bibles, and the Paris Bibles associated with the rise of the university.

In The Latin New Testament, H.A.G. Houghton provides a comprehensive introduction to the history and development of the Latin New Testament. Drawing on major editions and recent advances in scholarship, he offers a new synthesis which brings together evidence from Christian authors and biblical manuscripts from earliest times to the late Middle Ages. All manuscripts identified as containing Old Latin evidence for the New Testament are described in a catalogue, along with those featured in the two principal modern editions of the Vulgate. A user’s guide is provided for these editions and the other key scholarly tools for studying the Latin New Testament.

The Latin New Testament can be previewed in several places on Google Books:

Google also offers the following word cloud for the book:

CFP for St Andrews Symposium of Biblical and Early Christian Studies 2016

The St Andrews Symposium for Biblical and Early Christian Studies is pleased to announce its conference for the summer of 2016: Son of God: Divine Sonship in Jewish and Christian Antiquity. The conference will be held 6-8 June 2016 at the University of St Andrews, Scotland.  The conference is organized as an exploration of diverse aspects of divine sonship within the following corpora: Hebrew Bible, Septuagint, Dead Sea Scrolls, Pseudepigrapha, New Testament, Rabbinic Judaism, and early Christianity. In June 2016, biblical scholars and theologians from around the world will gather to consider Divine Sonship, engaging with ancient texts to bring history, exegesis, and theology into conversation. The School of Divinity at the University of St Andrews is delighted to invite you to join the conversation.

Invited speakers at this conference will be: Menahem Kister (Hebrew University); Reinhard Kratz (Göttingen); Jan Joosten (University of Oxford); Philip Alexander (University of Manchester); George Brooke (University of Manchester); Richard Bauckham (University of Cambridge); Michael Peppard (Fordham University); Matthew Novenson (University of Edinburgh); N.T. Wright (University of St Andrews); William Tooman (University of St Andrews); Madhavi Nevader (University of St Andrews); David Moffitt (University of St Andrews)

Call for Papers is now open. We invite proposals (from postgraduates and faculty) for short papers that engage notions of Son of God/Divine Sonship in the following areas:

  • Ancient Israelite religion
  • Angelology and heavenly mediators
  • Kingship and royal ideologies
  • Political ideologies in the Second Temple period
  • Corporate sonship and the people of God
  • Messianism
  • Christian origins/Christology
  • Son of God and ancient scriptural exegesis/interpretation
  • Early mystical traditions
  • Other related topics

Abstracts of ca. 250 words should be sent to (Paul Sloan) by 15 February 2016, midnight GMT, for consideration. See for more information and occasional updates.

Registration for the symposium will open 1 December 2015 and close 1 May 2016. Registration will be available at that time here: Early-bird registration fee of £50 will be available until 1 March 2016 (£75 thereafter). Conference poster attached.

Kai Akagi (PhD Candidate, University of St Andrews)

Paul Sloan (PhD Candidate, University of St Andrews)

Garrick Allen (Post-Doctoral Research Fellow, Wuppertal)

St Mary’s College, University of St AndrewsCFP Son of God

Call for Contribution: Special Issue on Computer-Aided Processing of Intertextuality in Ancient Languages


Europe’s future is digital”. This was the headline of a speech given at the Hannover exhibition in April 2015 by Günther Oettinger, EU-Commissioner for Digital Economy and Society. While businesses and industries have already made major advances in digital ecosystems, the digital transformation of texts stretching over a period of more than two millennia is far from complete. On the one hand, mass digitisation leads to an „information overload“ of digitally available data; on the other, the “information poverty” embodied by the loss of books and the fragmentary state of ancient texts form an incomplete and biased view of our past. In a digital ecosystem, this coexistence of data overload and poverty adds considerable complexity to scholarly research.

With this special issue on Computer-Aided Processing of Intertextuality in Ancient Languages, the HiSoMA lab in Lyon, France, and the Göttingen Centre for Digital Humanities Germany, aim to create a collection of papers that discuss the state-of-the-art on intertextuality, linguistic preprocessing and the preservation of scholarly research results specifically applied to corpora in ancient languages and for which few online resources exist (Ancient Greek, Latin, Hebrew, Syriac, Coptic, Arabic, Ethiopic, etc.).

Relevant topics include:

  • Methods for the detection of intertexts and text reuse, manual (e.g. crowd-sourcing) or automatic (e.g. algorithms);
  • Infrastructure for the preservation of digital texts and quotations between different text passages;
  • Linguistic preprocessing and data normalisation, such as lemmatisation of historical languages, root stemming, normalisation of variants, etc.;
  • Visualisation of intertextuality and text reuse;
  • Creation of, and research on, stemmata.

The special issue will be published by the Journal on Data Mining and Digital Humanities (, an online open access journal that will release the issue shortly after its submission in order to elicit feedback from readers while concurrently supervising the standard peer review process.

Interested authors are asked to:

1) send a title, an author list and a one page (or shorter) abstract specifying the type of contribution (full paper or project presentation) to

Laurence Mellerin: laurence.mellerin(at)mom(dot)fr AND

Marco Büchler: mbuechler(at)gcdh(dot)de

by October 31st.

2) send a paper (long: up to 40 pages OR short: 2 to 4 pages illustrating the scope and research of the project), following the guidelines of JDMDH, which can be found at

by January 31st 2016.

For further questions, do not hesitate to contact Laurence and Marco.

Arabica sunt, non leguntur… The Bible in Arabic: The Evidence of the Manuscripts

Meeting 2015

Arabica sunt, non leguntur…
The Bible in Arabic: The Evidence of the Manuscripts

Conference in Leuven – 22-24 April 2015

Org. Claire Clivaz (Lausanne), Herman Teule (Nijmegen),
Sara Schulthess (Lausanne) and Joseph Verheyden (Leuven)

University of Leuven, Faculty of Theology and Religious Studies,
St-Michielsstraat 4/3101, Romerozaal (02.10)


Programme (pdf)

Day 1 – 22 April 2015

  • 13h00-13h15 Welcome / Introduction
  • 13h15-14h30 Herman Teule (Radboud University Nijmegen)
    Muslim Terminology in the Arabic Translations of the Bible
  • 14h30-15h45 Ute Pietruschka (Universität Halle)
    Strategies of Transformation of Biblical Material in Muslim Collections of Sayings
  • 15h45-16h00 Break
  • 16h-17h15 David Thomas (University of Birmingham)
    Making Sense of the Bible in Early Muslim Kalam
  • 17h15-18h30 Arik Sadan (University of Tel Aviv / Hebrew University of Jerusalem / Ben-Gurion University of the Negev)
    Differences and Similarities between Christian and Karaite Translations of the Bible into Arabic: the Case of the Book of Job
  • 18h30-18h50 Plenary discussion
  • 19h30 Dinner

Day 2 – 23 avril 2015 

  • 8h45-10h Camilla Adang (University of Tel Aviv)
    The Quotations from the Books of Exodus and Leviticus in the Polemic against the Pentateuch by ‘Ala’ al-Din al-Baji (d. 714/1314)
  • 10h-11h15 Sabine Schmidtke (IAS, Princeton)
    Biblical Materials in Quṭb al-Dīn al-Rāwandī’s K. al-Khawārij wa-l-jawāriḥ
  • 11h15-11h30 Break
  • 11h30-12h45 Ronny Vollandt (FU Berlin)
    MS Paris, BNF, Ar. 1 and Its Place in the Study of the Arabic Bible
  • Lunch
  •  14h30-15h45 Juan Pedro Monferrer Sala (Universidad de Córdoba)
    Bible translations in Andalus
  • 15h45-17h Samir Arbache (Université de Lille)
    Lexical Features of a Arabic Version of the Gospels
  • 17h-17h15 Break
  • 17h15-17h45 Plenary discussion
  • 19h15 Dinner

Day 3 – 24 avril 2015

  • 8h30-9h45 Sara Schulthess (Université de Lausanne)
    An Arabic Manuscript of Pauline Letters: Vaticanus Arabicus 13
  • 9h45-11h Elie Dannaoui (Université de Balamand)
    Digital Corpus of Arabic Gospel Lectionary: A Work in Progress
  • 11h-11h15 Break
  • 11h15-12h30 Timothy B. Sailors 
(Eberhard-Karls-Universität Tübingen)
    Tatian’s Diatessaron as ‘The Gospel’: The Manuscripts and Translation of the Arabic Gospel Harmony and the Gospels in Arabic and Their Relation to the Second-Century Text
  • 12h30-13h Plenary discussion / Conclusion
  • Lunch


For any information, please contact:


From the 8th and 9th centuries CE, the communities living in the Islamic rule began to translate their sacred texts, the Hebrew Bible, the New Testament and the Samaritan Pentateuch, into Arabic. Various Christian groups – such as Melkites, Copts and Syriacs –, Jews or Samaritans translated from their respective languages (Greek, Syriac, Coptic, Hebrew, etc.) parts of the Bible, which have survived in a large number of manuscripts, widespread in the Middle East and around the world. These manuscripts are for great importance for the history of these communities and of their texts, as well as of their relations to the Islamic world. But in his last book, Sydney Griffith deplores: “The study of the Bible in Arabic is in its infancy. There are hundreds of extant manuscripts containing portions of the Bible in Arabic translations produced by Jews and Christians in early Islamic times and well into the Middle Ages. But until now, with some notable exceptions, they have been of little interest to either biblical scholars or even to historians of Judaism, Christianity or Islam.” This is particularly true regarding to the Arabic manuscripts of the New Testament, who were too often considered as useless by New Testament scholars. Since the reference book of Georg Graf Geschichte der christlichen arabischen Literatur in 1944, the publications are very few. This lack of interest also applies to the Hebrew Bible despite the importance of the Arabic translations for the history of the text. For any text from any tradition, we are missing the basic research tools, from critical editions to the necessary inventories of manuscripts.

However, a regain of interest can be noticed since the start of the 21st century, with an increasing number of new publications in recent years. We can mention a large study on the Arabic manuscripts of the Gospels and some editions of manuscripts of the Gospels, a new book of Sydney Griffith on the Arabic Bible, or a study on the versions of the Pentateuch in print. If this is very encouraging, we can still deplore that some subjects are less covered than others. In the case of the New Testament, researchers focus the Gospels and we know very little about the other books in Arabic. Furthermore, there are for example very little interactions between research on the New Testament and research on the Hebrew Bible, when a global approach would also be necessary.
The first objective is the exchange between specialists of the field on the current research and the highlighting the different ongoing projects. We are glad to have representatives of many projects as the international project Biblia Arabica between Tel Aviv University and Freie Universität Berlin. The project has the aim to study and edit manuscripts and also “to investigate translation as an act and a process, and the manner in which translators from different faiths influenced each other in an inter-religious and inter-cultural context.” This global approach will be complete by smaller research project, as the project The Arabic Manuscripts of the Letters of Paul of Tarsus (University of Lausanne, in collaboration with the Institute of Eastern Christian Studies Nijmegen), which focus on the Pauline letters and try to integrate the digital component to the reflection. This is also the case of the Digital Corpus of Arabic Gospel Lectionary of the University of Balamand, which builds an online database for the Gospels in Arabic. The meeting between the actors in the current research will allow to map the need and emergencies for the research: comprehensive bibliographies; critical editions; manuscripts inventories, etc. In the case of the Arabic Bible, very basic tools are missing and cooperation between researchers and projects is necessary to fill the gap.
The meeting has two main lines: the study of particular manuscripts and their texts; the study of the context of the translations. The first focus on particular manuscripts will be an interesting opportunity to discuss notably the question of the standards in the research, notably for the edition, regarding for example Middle Arabic and Judeo-Arabic, but also relating to the new technologies and the new ways to do research. The second focus on the translations as a result of evolutions and interactions of the Christian, Jewish and Muslims milieus will illustrate the necessity of dialog between disciplines for this multifaceted object.
Source :

The Bible in the Iberian World: Fundaments of a Religious Melting Pot

Córdoba (España) : 12-15 juillet

Call for papers
deadline: 15 mars 2015

Cordoba, the next city to host the Annual Meeting of the European Association of Biblical Studies, represents par excellence the history of religious co-existence. Over the centuries, the city, similarly to what happened in the broader Iberian world, was a space where inter-religious exchanges between Christians, Muslims, and Jews were possible. These people, albeit the natural religious differences, shared the same space, and similar imageries and expectations. Therefore, this year, this group wants to explore some of the different perspectives regarding religious encounters and moments/episodes of confrontation within the Iberian World. We are particularly interested in papers that explore the manuscript transmission of religious ideas and beliefs and its literary tradition, and the material and intellectual legacy of the different religious groups that led to determining Iberian politics and historical events.

Although we are open to all papers regarding religion in the Iberian World, we would particularly invite you to submit to the following units:

Iberian Religious Manuscripts: production, reception, and transmission

The production of manuscripts of religious nature is a very important characteristic of Christian, Muslim and Jews tradition, playing a decisive role in the definition of each groups’ canon. This session aims to discuss the canonical and heterodox facets of the religious literature produced within the Iberian world, and to analyze, the circulation and reception in different environments of the produced manuscripts. Papers exploring the production, reception, and transmission of Christian, Muslim, and Jewish religious texts (bibles, religious literature, Kabbalah, liturgy books, religious instructions, hagiography, iconography, exegesis, etc.) within the Iberian world are welcomed.

Cultural and Intellectual legacy of Iberian Religious Minorities

This session focuses on the “legacies” of religious minorities found in the Iberian Peninsula, and how they transformed themselves, and were transformed, when later dispersed into the Mediterranean and the Atlantic during Iberian early modern Expansion. Papers should explore the cultural and intellectual production resulting from interreligious contacts and found still today in, for example, archaeology, literature, philosophy, medicine, philology, music, and popular culture. Furthermore, we welcome papers underlining the acculturation processes between Christian, Muslim (mozarabes, mudéjar and moriscos), and Jewish (conversos and New Christians).

The Bible as the Explanation Behind Iberian Imperialism and Expansion

This is a joint session with SBL’s groups Bible and its Influence: History and Impact and Bible and Empire. As the title suggests, our aim is to analyze the reasoning based on biblical texts and the pope’s authority used by Portuguese and Spanish to justify their overseas enterprise, and in particular, their colonization of new territories. In the Cordoba meeting, we welcome papers that explore the biblical arguments used by both parties (crusade, Treaty of Tordesillas and mare clausum, evangelization and reaching of a universal religion that would allow the end of the world to take place, etc.) to justify their overseas presence, conquest, and colonization.

Contact :
Ana T. Valdez, Yale University –
Ricardo Muñoz, University of Salamanca –

Source : EABS

Gregory Crane: June 1914 and Philology for the 21st Century

Gregory Crane: June 1914 and Philology for the 21st Century

Gregory CraneOn the sidelines of the workshop about text-reuse (see held from June 2 to 4,
Gregory Crane, head of the Perseus Project at Tufts University, holder of The Humboldt Chair of Digital Humanities at the University of Leipzig which launched the Open Philology Project, gave a public lecture on Tuesday, 3rd June 2014 at the Maison de l’Orient et de la Méditerranée in Lyon.

See the slideshow
Download the poster

June 1914 and Philology for the 21st Century

We are approaching the one hundred year anniversary of the First World War. Philology was never more prestigious than it was a century ago but what what, if anything, did it do to counteract the threads of nationalism that led to the disasters of the twentieth century? Far as Europe has come a hundred years later, the vast majority of those who engage with historical languages such as Greek and Latin are secondary school students – at least 3 million of them across Europe – who experience these languages in their national languages and in isolation from their counterparts across linguistic, if not national, boundaries. We are, however, now poised to develop a new philology, one optimized for a global society, with editions designed to serve many linguistic and cultural communities. Digital technologies provide enabling mechanisms for this new philology but a global philology requires as well a new conception of the relationship between professionalized scholarship and human society, both within Europe and beyond. We have many technological opportunities but the major task before us to assess what sort of scholarly community we wish to support. We have a chance to develop a global republic of letters, one that fosters a true dialogue across civilizations but we must make decisions in the present if we are to pursue changes in the future. This talk goes over possibilities and challenges involved.

New book : Peter W. Martens, Origen and Scripture: The Contours of the Exegetical Life, Oxford University Press, 2012, 352 pp, $125.

“Scriptural interpretatioPeter W. Martens, Origen and Scripturen was an important form of scholarship for Christians in late antiquity. For no one does this claim ring more true than Origen of Alexandria (185-254), one of the most prolific scholars of Scripture in early Christianity. This book examines his approach to the Bible through a biographical lens: the focus is on his account of the scriptural interpreter, the animating centre of the exegetical enterprise. In pursuing this largely neglected line of inquiry, Peter W. Martens discloses the contours of Origen’s sweeping vision of scriptural exegesis as a way of life. For Origen, ideal interpreters were far more than philologists steeped in the skills conveyed by Greco-Roman education. Their profile also included a commitment to Christianity from which they gathered a spectrum of loyalties, guidelines, dispositions, relationships and doctrines that tangibly shaped how they practiced and thought about their biblical scholarship. The study explores the many ways in which Origen thought ideal scriptural interpreters (himself included) embarked upon a way of life, indeed a way of salvation, culminating in the everlasting contemplation of God. This new and integrative thesis takes seriously how the discipline of scriptural interpretation was envisioned by one of its pioneering and most influential practitioners.”

Click here for a discussion with Peter W. Martens on his book



Digital Humanities in Biblical, Early Jewish and Early Christian Studies

Leiden: Brill, 2013.
Edited by Claire Clivaz, University of Lausanne, Andrew Gregory, University of Oxford and David Hamidović, University of Lausanne,
in collaboration with Sara Schulthess, University of Lausanne
“Ancient texts, once written by hand on parchment and papyrus, are now increasingly discoverable online in newly digitized editions, and their readers now work online as well as in traditional libraries. So what does this mean for how scholars may now engage with these texts, and for how the disciplines of biblical, Jewish and Christian studies might develop? These are the questions that contributors to this volume address. Subjects discussed include textual criticism, palaeography, philology, the nature of ancient monotheism, and how new tools and resources such as blogs, wikis, databases and digital publications may transform the ways in which contemporary scholars engage with historical sources. Contributors attest to the emergence of a conscious recognition of something new in the way that we may now study ancient writings, and the possibilities that this new awareness raises.”


Part one: Digitized manuscripts

The Leon Levy Dead Sea Scrolls Digital Library. The Digitization Project of the Dead Sea Scrolls (Pnina Shor)
Dead Sea Scrolls inside Digital Humanities. A Sample (David Hamidović)
The Electronic Scriptorium: Markup for New Testament Manuscripts (Hugh Houghton)
Digital Arabic Gospels Corpus (Elie Dannaoui)
The Role of the Internet in New Testament Textual Criticism: The Example of the Arabic Manuscripts of the New Testament (Sara Schulthess)
The Falasha Memories Project. Digitalization of the Manuscript BNF, Ethiopien d’Abbadie 107 (Charlotte Touati)

Part two: Digital academic research and publishing

The Seventy and Their 21st-Century Heirs. The Prospects for Digital Septuagint Research (Juan Garcés)
Digital Approaches to the Study of Ancient Monotheism (Ory Amitay)
Internet Networks and Academic Research: The Example of the New Testament Textual Criticism (Claire Clivaz)
New Ways of Searching with Biblindex, the Online Index of Biblical Quotations in Early Christian Literature (Laurence Mellerin)
Aspects of Polysemy in Biblical Greek. A Preliminary Study for a New Lexicographical Resource (Romina Vergari)
Publishing Digitally at the University Press? A Reader’s Perspective (Andrew Gregory)
Does Biblical Studies Deserve to Be an Open Source Discipline? (Russell Hobson)


The Czech Patristic Society and the Centre for Patristic, Medieval and Renaissance Texts, Palacký University Olomouc, Czech Republic, are organizing an international colloquium on Clement of Alexandria, focused on Clement´s Biblical Exegesis.

 The colloquium will take place in Prague/Olomouc, Czech Republic (will be specified soon), on May 29-31, 2014.
Working languages will be English, French, German and Italian.

Conference home‐page: 

The home‐page will be updated continuously.


 Four main lectures will introduce the conference:

·         Alain Le Boulluec: L’interprétation de la Bible et le genre symbolique selon Clément

·         Annewies van den Hoek: Relationship between OT and NT in Clement

·         Judith Kovacs: Clement´s interpretation of Paul´s letters.

·         Marco Rizzi: Patterns of Biblical exegesis in Clement

 The programme has five main themes:

  1. Theoretic basis of the interpretation of Scripture; comparison between Clement and Philo; Clement and Origen; relations between rational demonstration and use of the Bible in search of the truth;
  2. relation between OT and NT in Clement;
  3. Clement and OT (Clement´s Greek Bible; interpretation of individual books of OT);
  4. Clement and NT (Clement´s text of NT; interpretation of individual books of NT);
  5. different ways of use of Scripture in individual Clement´s works.

 You are cordially invited to submit a proposal for a presentation (of approximately 30 minutes) or short communication (15 minutes). In order to maintain the thematic coherence of the conference it would be appreciated if suggested themes for contributions related to the above mentioned themes.

 The dead-line for submissions is January 20, 2014.

The submission should include a title and a summary of your presentation and should be sent to the following e-mail address: We will answer your suggestions continuously and not later than by February 15, 2014.

 Kindly extend this invitation to other scholars who might be interested to participate.

Doctoral students working on a topic relevant to the theme of the colloquium are also welcome.


The normal conference fee will be 200 Euro. This fee will cover participation in all sessions of the conference, all meals (except breakfast), welcome reception, social programme and other events connected to the conference.

The organisers are constantly applying for more funding for the conference. We are almost sure that this will enable us to reduce the fee at least for students and younger scholars, and hopefully also the general fee. We will provide more information about this at the home‐page.




The Centre for Patristic, Medieval and Renaissance Texts is a research centre attached to St. Cyril and Methodius Faculty of Theology, Palacký University Olomouc. You may learn about the Centre, its projects, activities and publications at the following address:

The Czech Patristic Society is a local branch of the International Association of Patristic Studies (IAPS/AIEP). The President of the Czech Patristic Society is Professor Lenka Karfíková (Prague). You may learn about the society and its activities at the following address:


The conference is organized by Veronika Cernuskova, Jana Platova and Vit Husek.


All communication may be addressed to Vit Husek and sent to

 Veronika Cernuskova

Jana Platova

Vit Husek

Vit Husek, Th.D.

secretary of the Czech Patristic Society
Centre for Patristic, Medieval and Renaissance Texts
Czech Republic

Book on early Christianity : The Dead Sea Scrolls and Pauline Literature

The Dead Sea Scrolls and Pauline Literature
Edited by Jean-Sébastien Rey , Université de Lorraine

€121,00   $166.00
ISBN13: 9789004227033
E-ISBN: 9789004230071
Publication Year: 2013

The relationships between Pauline literature and the Dead Sea scrolls have fascinated specialists ever since the latter were first
discovered. Now that all the Qumran scrolls have been published, it is
possible to see more clearly the amplitude and impact of this corpus
on first century Judaism. This book offers some syntheses of the
results obtained in the last decades, and also opens up new
perspectives, by highlighting similarities and indicating possible
relationships between these various writings within Mediterranean
Judaism. In addition, the authors wish to show how certain traditions
spread, evolve and are reconfigured in ancient Judaism as they meet
new religious, cultural and social challenges.

Publication: Biblical Quotations in Patristic Texts

L. Mellerin, H.A.G. Houghton (eds), Biblical Quotations in Patristic Texts, Studia Patristica LIV, vol. 2 (Papers presented at the Sixteenth International Conference on Patristic Studies held in Oxford 2011, M. Vinzent ed.), Leuven-Paris-Walpole, MA 2013.


This fascicle presents papers given at a workshop devoted to biblical quotations in patristic texts at the Sixteenth International Conference on Patristic Studies held in Oxford in August 2011, which brought together representatives from four European institutes and research projects active in this field. Additional contributions have been supplied from further initiatives run by two of these institutes: the seminar series of the Institut des Sources Chrétiennes in Lyon and the Seventh Birmingham Colloquium on the Textual Criticism of the New Testament, held in April 2011, which focussed on Christian writers and the New Testament text.

Did John Chrysostom Quote the Book of Revelation?

One of the main interests of Biblindex concerns the « canon » of the Bible and especially the way the Fathers actually used the books, be them canonical or not. In any case one can try to look at John Chrysostom about a book that is meant to be absent by the Antiochian authors: the Revelation of John.

Relied on the biblical index of the Latin translation in Montfaucon’s edition[1], Ch. Baur’s conclusions[2], supplemented by those of R. E. Carter[3], confirmed that the Antiochian canon observed by John Golden Mouth did not include the Revelation. Biblindex datas, made from the work of the CADP, might allow us to balance these conclusions.

Before that, one should consult the Chrysostom’s Scripture Index compiled by R. A. Krupp[4]. Out of the 9 references to Revelation he found[5], only one is to be taken into account : « The angels, writes the Antiochian while he comments on the « belt of truth » (Eph. 6:14), appear to us girded, for they are soldiers ; once one is girded, one stands firm[6] » ; and the only biblical instance where angels are girded seems to be Rev. 15:6 : οἱ ἄγγελοι… περιεζωσμένοι. The image, however, is too trivial in this case to prove anything.

Let’s turn now to the 11 references to the Revelation given by Biblindex: if we exclude questionable instances[7], 5 of them are still valid, which may be reduced to 3. The « second death » (ὁ δεύτερος θάνατος, Rev. 2:11 ; 20:6.14 ; 21:8) is not verbatim in the Treatise to Theodore, 11, but the idea is: « One should not fear the Devil, or the pitfalls of Demons, or Gehenna, or death, that of the present time or the other death which is much more terrible[8] » – and much more clearly than in Matth. 10:28. In the homily 49, 3 On John, the mention of Satan as a « snake » and as a « dragon[9] » might refer to Is. 27:1 (δράκοντα ὄφιν, i.e. the Leviathan), but Rev. 12:9 (ὁ δράκων ὁ μέγας, ὁ ὄφις ὁ ἀρχαῖος) is a much better reference. The most important case is at the beginning of the third book Adversus oppugnatores vitae monasticae[10], where the wide scene of Judgment Day owes much to the « little apocalypse » in Matthew and to Dan. 7:9-10 – that Chrysostom often cites –, but perhaps to some passages of the Revelation as well. In the following table, one will find the references probably coming from other books livres than Revelation (bold), those that might be from Revelation (underlined) and the ambiguous ones (without any formatting):

Table of Revelation

If we exclude the five ambiguous cases, there still are three disturbing instances: the trumpets in the plural in an apocalyptic context, the angels sent around the world, the armies of angels alongside the judge, all those elements seem to correspond to the Revelation. The book, of course, is not explicitly mentioned, and it is not impossible that Chrysostom had in mind some iconographic representations of angels, of soldiers, of eschatological scenes, or – but this is unlikely – other non-canonical apocalyptic books. Nevertheless, the mere use of popular imagery, to which the Johannine Book of Revelation would contribute, even from some distance, would not be enough to explain the accuracy of certain elements. The book, in any case, should be part not only of the culture of Chrysostom, but also of that of his listeners. So one can wonder to what extent, even though it wasn’t included in the volumes that used to be the current bible books of Antiochians, it circulated anyway.

Although the presence of references does not imply that a book is a canonical one – the Revelation certainly was not, at least at the first degree –, it still shows it was in use in one way or another. If Revelation can really be found by John Chrysostom – the instances above might not give enough evidence  of it –, this would mean that in practice the Book of Revelation would have belonged to a second degree of the canon.

[1] B. de Montfaucon, S. P. N. Joannis Chrysostomi archiespiscopi Constantinopolitani opera omnia quæ exstant, t. 13, Paris, 1738, index locum scripturae sacrae, p. i-lj (at the end of the volume).

[2] Ch. Baur, « Der Kanon des hl. Joh. Chrysostomus », Theologische Quartalschrift 105, 1924, p. 258-271.

[3] R. E. Carter, « The Antiochene Biblical Canon 400 A.D. », Orientalia Christiana Periodica 72, 2006, p. 417-431.

[4] R. A. Krupp, Saint John Chrysostom. A Scripture Index, Lanham – New York – London, 1984.

[5] Ibid, p. 253.

[6] Hom. 23 On Eph., 2, PG 62, 166 : Οἱ ἄγγελοι ἡμῖν ἐζωσμένοι φαίνονται, ἅτε στρατιῶται ὄντες. Ἀπὸ τοῦ περιζώσασθαι, τὸ στῆναι γίνεται γενναίως.

[7] Rev. 4:5 et 14:4 in Comment observer la virginité, 9, ed. J. Dumortier, CUF, Paris, 1955, p. 125 and 127, without any textual contact (as far as φῶς ἀπρόσιτον is concerned, p. 125, Rev. 21:10-11 is much less relevant than 1 Tim. 6:16) ; the book that tastes like honey (Rev. 10:10), PG 55,183.43, is only a parallel to Ez. 3:3, explicitly quoted, and the new skies and the new earth (Is. 65:17) are explicitly quoted in PG 60, 157.24 and 63, 114.18 as well, so that there is  no need to refer to Rev. 21:1.

[8] Οὐκ ἔστιν ἐκεῖ διάϐολον δεῖσαι καὶ δαιμόνων ἐπιϐουλάς, οὐ γεέννης ἀπειλήν, οὐ θάνατον, οὐ τοῦτον τὸν νῦν, οὐ τὸν πολλῷ τούτου χαλεπώτερον ἐκεῖνον : ed. J. Dumortier, SC 117, Paris, 1966, p. 138-139.

[9] Οὗτος καὶ ὄφις καὶ δράκων ἐστι, PG 59, 326.22.

[10] John Chrysostom, Adversus oppugnatores vitae monasticae, III, 1, PG 47, 349-350.